Thursday, Sep 29 2016
All Cities
Choose Your City
'Numer of endemic species in lake Baikal is 1,455'
Marc Di Duca

Russian scientists make progress on secret of eternal life

By The Siberian Times reporter
19 September 2015

Living bacteria found in permafrost - '3.5 million years old' - is 'scientific sensation' which allows 'mice grannies' to reproduce.

Work is also underway to study a so far unexplained positive impact on living organisms, notably human blood cells, mice, fruit flies, and crops. Picture: Vesti.ru

Scientists have decoded the DNA of a bacteria found thriving in ancient permafrost, and are now seeking to understand the genes which provide its extraordinary longevity. 

Work is also underway to study a so far unexplained positive impact on living organisms, notably human blood cells, mice, fruit flies, and crops. Professor Sergey Petrov, chief researcher of Tyumen Scientific Centre, said: 'In all these experiments, Bacillus F stimulated the growth and also strengthened the immune system. The experiments on human erythrocytes and leucocytes were also very optimistic. '

The bacteria were originally found on Mamontova Gora - Mammoth Mountain - in Siberia's Sakha Republic, also known as Yakutia, in 2009 by Dr Anatoli Brouchkov, head of the Geocryology Department, Moscow State University.  Similar bacteria were discovered by Siberian scientist Vladimir Repin in the brain of an extinct woolly mammoth preserved by permafrost.

Anatoli Brouchkov

Dr Anatoli Brouchkov, head of the Geocryology Department, Moscow State University, on Mamontova Gora. Picture: Anatoli Brouchkov

'We did a lot of experiments on mice and fruit flies and we saw the sustainable impact of our bacteria on their longevity and fertility,' said Dr Brouchkov. 'But we do not know yet exactly how it works. In fact, we do not know exactly how aspirin works, for example, but it does. The same is true here: we cannot understand the mechanism, but we see the impact.' 

Describing the discoveries as a 'scientific sensation' and an 'elixir of life', Yakutsk epidemiologist Dr Viktor Chernyavsky said: 'The bacteria gives out biologically active substances throughout its life, which activates the immune status of experimental animals.' As a result, 'mice grannies not only began to dance, but also produced offspring'.

If the same substance were to be given to people, it could cause a significant improvement in their health, leading to the discovery of an 'elixir of life', said Dr Chernyavsky.

A number of claims are now being made for the potential of three different strains of bacteria found in the permafrost, among them the rejuvenating of the life of living beings. Another is the potential development of organisms capable of destroying petroleum molecules, turning them into water, with the potential one day to create a new system for cleaning up oil spills. A third strain of ancient bacteria is capable of eliminating cellulose molecules.

Bacteria of eternal youth


Bacteria of eternal youth


Bacteria of eternal youth

'The key question is what provides the vitality of this bacteria, but it as complicated as which human genes are responsible for cancer and how to cure it.' Pictures: Anatoli Brouchkov

Dr Brouchkov told The Siberian Times: 'We have completed the deciphering of Bacillus DNA and, more importantly, we have completely restored a sequence of genes in it. This work was ongoing for several years and it finished at the end of last year. Now we face  the most complicated task - the attempts to find out which genes are providing the longevity of bacteria, and which proteins are protecting the DNA structure from damages. 

'We want to understand the mechanisms of the protection of genome, the functioning of the genes. The key question is what provides the vitality of this bacteria, but it is as complicated as which human genes are responsible for cancer and how to cure it. The scale and complicity of the question are nearly the same.' This involves technically difficult research, he said.

He revealed that the bacteria has survived for millions of years deep in the Siberian ice. 'To state the exact age of bacteria, we need to date the permafrost rocks and this is not so easy,' he said. 'There are no exact methods to date the permafrost, but we have solid reason to believe that it is rather old. 

'Eastern Siberia is not a warm place even now and 3.5 million years ago it was also rather cold. It already had nearly the same temperature mode as it has now. That is we believe that this permafrost was formed 3.5 million years ago. And we believe that the bacteria could not penetrate to the oldest layer from the earlier ones through the permafrost. This bacteria was isolated from the outer world in ice, so we are quite sure that this bacteria was kept in the permafrost for such a long time. Yet we are still working to prove this.'

Bacteria of eternal youth


Bacteria of eternal youth

'The bacteria gives out biologically active substances throughout its life, which activates the immune status of experimental animals.' Pictures: Vesti.ru

Bacteria also preserved in other extreme conditions, he said. 'Some of them were found in amber, some even in rock salt. More than this, in rock salt a bacteria aged half a billion years was found.'

He claimed: 'I would say, there exist (in the world) immortal bacteria, immortal beings. They cannot die, to be more precise, they can protect themselves. Our cells are unable to protect themselves from damage. These bacteria cells are able to protect themselves. It would be great to find the mechanisms of protection from ageing, from damage and to use them to fight with our ageing. It's is the main riddle of mankind and I believe we must work to solve it. 

'Now we have a key, ancient bacteria, which scientists have found in an extreme and ancient environment.' He admitted that some people need convincing of the significance of the discoveries. 'Of course the discussions are ongoing. There are a lot of sceptics who do not believe that bacteria are really old. 

'But the main thing is: we finally saw the light at the end of a long and hopeless tunnel. It is a great deed. I would be happy if people are interested in our research. It is much better than to follow the dollar rate or price of oil. Our researches globally has just started. The first (scientific) articles appeared about ten years ago, so it is at the first stage of the research. 

'I believe that we all need to start studying these immortal beings, but at the moment not so many of us are doing this. We are arguing, discussing, instead of (doing sufficient) research. We need to use the fact that such bacteria were found in our permafrost. We have such opportunities for study. I believe that this bacteria could be very useful.'

Bacteria of eternal youth


Bacteria of eternal youth

'In the laboratory we got very good results. The bacteria not only stimulates growth, but increases frost resistance. The seeds sprouted at a temperature 5C.' Pictures: SurgutInform TV

One place where active research is underway is in Tymen, western Siberia, under Prof Petrov. 'We conduct various studies of the impact of the bacteria on the living organisms,' he said. 'We made experiments with copepods, mice, crops and human blood cells. In all these experiments Bacillus F stimulated the growth and also strengthened the immune system. The experiments on human erythrocytes and leucocytes were also very optimistic. 

'Now we are focused on experiments with the crops. The bacteria stimulates the growth of crops, increases productivity. This year we completed the laboratory studies and went to the field trials. We will look at the results. Before sowing seeds we put them into a solution containing a culture of the bacterium. We have harvested but the results are not completely processed yet.'  The results of these trials will be announced later. 

'In the laboratory we got very good results. The bacteria not only stimulates growth, but increases frost resistance. The seeds sprouted at a temperature 5C. It is very important in our Siberian harsh conditions, when a sudden frost can come in May and even June.'

He revealed: 'We can say that the bacteria enhances photosynthesis. It is also very important for our northern areas with short photo period. The plants have time to fully mature.

'We conduct the biochemical research to understand the mechanism, how exactly this bacteria influences on the plants,  which exact stages  of the metabolism it affects. At the moment we cannot say for sure. That is, we see the effects, but cannot fully explain this yet. 

Mammoth Mountain


Mammoth Mountain

The bacteria were originally found on Mamontova Gora - Mammoth Mountain - in Siberia's Sakha Republic, also known as Yakutia, in 2009. Pictures: Sergei Goltsov

'At the moment the use of plant growth promoting bacteria is a very promising direction. It is clear that bacteria are much more effective than chemicals. Our Bacillus F has a great potential, as it managed to survive in permafrost. I believe its potential is much higher that other growth promoting bacteria. Besides it can help to withstand frost, which is so important for our conditions.

'Now we have applied for a grant to conduct further research, especially on human blood cells, and we hope that we will get it, because the research is extremely promising.' 

Close to the site where the ancient bacteria was found lay the remains of woolly mammoths and rhinos. 'We found our bacteria in deeper, more ancient layers of permafrost, significantly lower that the layers where mammoths were found,' said Dr Brouchkov.

Comments (12)

Сегодня смотрел про это по тв, Якутия находится примерно в 300 километров от меня следующим летом поеду на эту мамонтову гору чтобы получить больше информации по употреблению этих бактерий
Иван, Кемерово/россия
20/09/2016 23:37
0
0
Hi sciense Nerds..
I belive in Eternal life and i also belive that in the near distant future it is possible to raise a person from death to life, And give it Eternal life. (like bulding a person from outside by growning cells and body and also brain with memmories ect with the help of bio enginiering genetics and DNA. And if one could recreate a duplication of a person from scratch then logicaly its possible to recreate a person originaly from scratch like from for exampel death. This is how, If you look att a person as an apple, And lets say that the apple dissapears by some reason, Then one could reverse enginier the exact same apple from its state before it dissapeard.. for example by surounding the place of where the apple used to exist, With the help of time (like time travel) and then reverse enginier the apple back from scratch to its former state. Affcourse The enginiering teknike will advance with time and gett more effective.

/Regards Semi
Semi Ayeb, Gothenburg/Sweden
26/08/2016 15:28
0
0
I really want to be a test subject for this, like super bad where do you sign up
Chris smith, USA
28/07/2016 07:00
0
0
I'll be a lab rat lol for sure.
Amadeo Jimenez, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
04/07/2016 20:19
0
0
Sign me up for testing !!!
Mike Owen, Santa Barbara USA
18/11/2015 15:01
2
0
The drug companies of the West do not want any developments that would radically heal and reduce their drug profits. So just because this report is years old does not mean that this is not a significant development. The evil super rich "bankster" banking families that are the shadow government that rules the Western World own most large industries and would not want their drug companies profits threatened. They control the governments, universities, etc. These bacteria must have mechanisms for repairing DNA far superior to that in our cells. Eventually when we truly know how to safely change genes and not screw up the chemistry like with genetically modified foods now than we could change our cells to have superior DNA repair.
Kenneth ELder , Austin Texas USA
06/10/2015 08:18
5
0
To find living bacteria 3.5 million years old is nothing short of miraculous...it was meant to be discovered...our present world is fragile, we are living in times of extreme weather, wars and unsettled search for a safe home...may the heavens provide direction to the scientists that work with this and lead them in the right direction...
Carmen, Ireland
03/10/2015 06:47
5
1
Julien,

It's not a question of reading Russian. There are 21 papers listed and only 2 in Russian. The two papers in Russian are extremely old (20 and 30 years old).
This link is much better:
http://scholar.google.ru/citations?user=2e80PEcAAAAJ&hl=en

And the best article I found is this one, which is two years old:
http://www.mdpi.com/2079-7737/2/1/85/htm

Most probably no single bacteria survived million years, but generations of this bacteria strain survived all those years. And Dr Brouchkov. probably meant it that way.

But other sentences in this web page are more bizarre, "'We did a lot of experiments on mice and fruit flies and we saw the sustainable impact of our bacteria on their longevity and fertility,' said Dr Brouchkov." or "Now we have applied for a grant to conduct further research, especially on human blood cells"

However immortal cells are known.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immortalised_cell_line
Vero cell line comes from a monkey, is immortal and not cancerous.
Jean-Pierre, Rennes, France
28/09/2015 23:54
1
0
Il faut lire le russe pour trouver des analyses scientifiques
Julien, Agen
28/09/2015 04:41
3
1
Thanks CookieThough for the link,

I did a search and already tumble upon this site. Academia.edu is not the site of a journal, conference, preprint or a university.

The two most downloaded papers are more than 20 years old and in Russian.
Some other papers (I didn't check all) in English do not treat about any medical or biological interest of those bacterias.
Please can you refer to a scientific paper in English that discuss about something medical or biological related to this article?

Again thanks for the link,

Jean-Pierre
Jean-Pierre, Rennes
28/09/2015 01:02
1
0
http://moscowstate.academia.edu/AnatoliBrouchkov/Papers
CookieThough, DC
24/09/2015 02:33
0
0
Any reference to a scientific paper?
Jean-Pierre, Rennes
20/09/2015 21:03
5
1
1

Add your comment

We welcome a healthy debate, but do not accept offensive or abusive comments. Please also read 'Siberian Times' Privacy Policy

Name

Town/Country

Add your comments

The views expressed in the comments above are those of our readers. 'Siberian Times' reserves the right to pre-moderate some comments.

Control code*

Type the code

* obligatory


Features

Business

The Bank of Russia official exchange rates of foreign currencies
EUR71.57USD63.95GBP83.17Other...