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Marc Di Duca

Fancy some Neolithic smoked fish? 

By Olga Gertcyk
06 November 2015

5,000 year old site used for fish processing but also rituals which remain a 'huge mystery' involving wolverines and ermine.

Harder to explain for the archeologists were the remains of animals in the pits. Picture: Institute of Archeology and Ethnography SB RAS

The find in Novosibirsk region has left archeologists with many questions, since some animals kept alive in two metre-deep pits at the smokehouse were not at the time native to this area. Excavations in the summer found the ancient smokehouse, along with bone and stone tools.

Fish was processed by putting it in pits in the red-coloured ground to give it a 'special smell'. The smokehouse was uncovered at Tartas-1 site in Vengerovo district where experts have been studying burials and other ritual facilities for over 10 years. 

Ancient smokehouse


Ancient smokehouse

Fish was processed by putting it in pits in the red-coloured ground to give it a 'special smell'. Picture: Institute of Archeology and Ethnography SB RAS

'This year we came across an unusual facility, a Neolithic smokehouse,' said Dr Vyacheslav Molodin, deputy director of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, in Novosibirsk. The building is very large and dates back to Neolithic times, the Stone Age, according to stone tools.'

Smoking fish in this way is still done by groups in Siberia and the extreme north, he said. 'This method is known and is still used by some Siberian and Extreme North ethnic groups. The fish starts smelling, but it didn't bother our ancestors.'

Map

The smokehouse was uncovered at Tartas-1 site in Vengerovo district where experts have been studying burials and other ritual facilities for over 10 years. Picture: The Siberian Times

Harder to explain for the archeologists were the remains of animals in the pits. A skeleton of a wolverine -  a mammal that resembles a small bear - was found here. Yet the wolverine is not typical here. It  is a native of the taiga and is not typical in the steppe where Tartas-1 is located. 

Ermine remains were found here too, as were bones of domesticated animals and coprolites (fossilised dung). Remains of a dog and a fox were located in other storage areas. Dr Molodin alleged that the animals could have been kept there for ritual purposes. 'For some time the pits were used for ritual purposes but it's a huge mystery which we have yet to understand,' he said.

Comments (4)

I'm trying to picture a stone age person capturing a wolverine, bringing it back and then getting it into a pit. that would have been a very exciting time!
Patrick Roach, Whitehorse, Yukon Canada
27/11/2015 00:12
1
0
Eu acho que e culpa dos aliens
Diogo, Brasil
26/11/2015 03:12
0
0
SINCE THESE ARE PITS, IS IT POSSIBLE THAT ANIMALS FELL INTO THEM WHILE SEARCHING FOR FOOD AFTER HUMANS' LEFT THEM ABANDONED? STRESS ANALYSIS ON THE ANIMALS MAY PROVIDE THE ANSWERS. WE TODAY STUDY AIRLINE PASSENGERS TO CONFIRM WHAT HAPPENED DURING TRAGIC ACCIDENTS. WHY NOT USE THE SAME TECHNIQUES?
MICHAEL CASTOR, MESA/AZ USA
07/11/2015 09:16
2
0
my guess: Wolverines may have roamed farther south in old times. They were scavengers that crawled into the pits to eat the fish. people then considered the pits defiled, because animals pooped in them to mark their territory so the people killed the animals and filled in the pits.
Bill Cornelius, Albion California
07/11/2015 06:57
6
0
1

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