Thursday, Sep 19 2019
All Cities
Choose Your City
'What has enabled Russia to rise among the great powers of the world…has been the conquest of Siberia'
W.Bruce Lincoln

Prehistoric 'crowned crocodile' dinosaur found in the Urals

By The Siberian Times reporter
21 April 2016

Hope that a 'full skeleton' of Estemmenosuchus uralensis has been located near Ochyor town.

Scientists found the collarbone and a scapula of an early omnivorous therapsid best known for horns shaped like a moose's antlers. Picture: philip72

Fossilised bones found on a steep slope of Kokul mountain, 475 kilometres northwest of Yekaterinburg, have been identified as belonging to this lugubrious creature which walked the planet 267 million years ago, in the Middle Permian era.

Scientists found the collarbone and a scapula of an early omnivorous therapsid best known for horns shaped like a moose's antlers. Head of the Museum of the Permian Geological Period Konstantin Dobryanskikh, in Perm, said: 'We found the fragments of the skeleton on April 19.'

Fossilized bones


Fossilized bones Fossilized bones

The fossilised bones were found on April 19 and have been identified as belonging to this lugubrious creature which walked the planet 267 million years ago, in the Middle Permian era. Pictures: Konstantin Dobryanskikh

While this area is rich in fossils, it is the first time the prehistoric 'crowned crocodile' has been located here, and it is seen as an exciting discovery potentially leading to new knowledge about this long-gone species.

'To our surprise, we saw a fragment of the humerus,' he said. 'Mountain Kokui is known for finds of large numbers of fossilised Permian conifers, yet the remains of dinosaurs had not been found there before. The hope is that there is a full skeleton.'

Map


Steep slope of Kokui mountain

Mountain Kokui located near the Ochyor town is known for finds of large numbers of fossilised Permian conifers, yet the remains of dinosaurs had not been found there before. Pictures: The Siberian Times, Natalya Klyaksina

Two species of this idiosyncratic creature have been identified - Estemmenosuchus uralensis and Estemmenosuchus mirabilis, both from the Perm region of the Urals. They differ in size, shape of the skull, and shape of the horns.

Estemmenosuchus uralensis


Estemmenosuchus mirabilis

Estemmenosuchus uralensis (top) and Estemmenosuchus mirabilis (bottom). Pictures: Dmitry Bogdanov

It had a 'sprawling posture and could reach a body length of more than 3 metres (10 ft) - with a large head. The skull was 'long and massive, up to 65 cm (26 in) in length'.

There were several sets of large horns  growing upward and outward from the sides and top of the head.

Comments (1)

Very cool discovery indeed and very exciting. Nature continues to amaze with new lessons for us to learn. Congratulations to the discovery team and all the best in your continued work.
Pamela Tetarenko, League City, USA
23/04/2016 17:58
7
0
1

Add your comment

We welcome a healthy debate, but do not accept offensive or abusive comments. Please also read 'Siberian Times' Privacy Policy

Name

Town/Country

Add your comments

The views expressed in the comments above are those of our readers. 'Siberian Times' reserves the right to pre-moderate some comments.

Control code*

Type the code

* obligatory


News

Business

The Bank of Russia official exchange rates of foreign currencies
EUR70.94USD64.22GBP80.20Other...